What is pollen allergy?
Plants produce round pollen allergy that must be moved from one plant to another of the same kind for fertilization to occur. Individual grains are too tiny to see with the naked eye, but some can form large, visible clusters.
The types of pollen that most commonly cause allergic reactions are produced by the plainlooking plants (trees, grasses, and weeds) that do not have showy flowers. These plants manufacture small, light, dry pollen granules that are custommade for wind transport
Wind, insects and birds carry this pollen from plant to plant to fertilize them. When people who have a pollen allergy inhale the pollen, they get allergy symptoms.
When do plants make pollen?
One of the obvious features of pollen allergy is its seasonal nature – people have symptoms only when the pollen grains to which they are allergic are in the air. Each plant pollinates more or less at the same time from year to year.
What is pollen allergy?
Each spring, summer, and fall, tiny particles are released from trees, weeds, and grasses. These particles, known as pollen, hitch rides on currents of air. Although their mission is to fertilize parts of other plants, many never reach their targets. Instead, they enter human noses and throats, triggering a type of seasonal allergic rhinitis called pollen allergy, which many people know as hay fever or rose fever (depending on the season in which the symptoms occur).
What are the treatment options available?
Because it is nearly impossible to avoid contact with pollen, you might be able to control your symptoms with medications like antihistamines, corticosteroids, decongestants etc.
Allergen immunotherapy could provide long lasting benefit. You can “train” your immune system not to react exaggerated to an allergen anymore. This is done through a series of allergy shots called allergen immunotherapy. One to two weekly shots expose you to very small doses of the allergen, that causes an allergic reaction. The dose is gradually increased, usually during a three-to six-months period. Maintenance shots are needed every four weeks for three to five years. allergen immunotherapy is usually used when other treatments like antisymptomatic medication are not satisfactory.
Which plants that have pollen are most likely to cause allergy symptoms?
In a country like India, there are geographical differences in the prevalence of pollens causing allergy. Major allergens vary from, place to place.
What is a pollen count?
A pollen count, often reported by local weather stations or web sites (www.accuweather.com), is a measure of how many pollen particles are in the air. This count represents the concentration of all the pollen (or of one particular type, like ragweed) in the air in a certain area at a specific time.
Pollen counts tend to be the highest early in the morning on warm, dry, breezy days and the lowest during chilly, wet periods. Although the pollen count changes, it is useful as a general guide for when it may be wise for you to stay indoors and avoid contact with that pollen.
What are the symptoms of pollen allergies?
The symptoms of pollen allergies include sneezing; runny or stuffy nose; itchy throat or inside of ears; hives; swollen eyelids and itchy eyes; and coughing, wheezing and trouble breathing.